Rochester Optical Co. (Rochester, NY)

Universal Drop Shutter - c. 1885-c.1890's


Illustrated Catalogue of Photographic Apparatus, C.H. Codman & Co. (Boston, MA), June 1886, p. 16


Notes:  This shutter was associated with a Schultze Mfg. Co. Champion Camera Improved.  It is not marked, but appears to be identical to the Universal Drop Shutter illustrated in the 1886 R.O.C. catalog.

Directions:

-Install by pressing it on the lens 90 counter-clockwise from what is shown in the image above, the wooden handle uppermost.
-Prepare it by pulling the long black piece all the way up until the brass piece catches in the notch visible at the left.  The lens is covered by the bottom of the slider.
-Pull the plateholder's dark slide out.
     -
--If an instantaneous exposure is desired, press and hold down the brass trip lever.  The black slider falls all the way down; the hole in the slider drops past the lens and makes the exposure. 
    ---If a longer, or bulb-type exposure is desired, the brass trip level is pressed but immediately released; the slider then catches a notch halfway down that leaves the lens open until the brass lever is pressed again to send the slider all the way down.

The hourglass shape of the exposure hole was thought to make the exposure more even over the plate.  Other drop shutters had square or rectangular holes, were made all or partly out of metal, or used rubber bands or springs to increase the speed of the drop (and decrease the time of exposure).

References:
Illustrated Catalogue of Photographic Apparatus, Rochester Optical Co., Rochester, NY, June 1890, p. 18-19
Illustrated Catalogue of Photographic Apparatus, Rochester Optical Co. (Rochester, NY), distributed by C. H. Codman (Boston, MA), 1886, p. 16
Catalogue of Photographic Apparatus, Rochester Optical Co. (Rochester, NY), May 1897, p. 50
 

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